The geographical features of the Douro region meant the only way to farm the steep slopes was on vineyard terraces, built by what today appears to have been a super-human effort. These terraces bordered by schist walls that are as exuberante in their dimensions as they are austere in their forms and colours. Here, man has cultivated vines for centuries, mostly the indigenous grape varieties of the region such as Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca, Tinto Cão, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Barroca and Tinta Amarela.
The schistose nature of soils, the hot summer climate contrasting to the long, cold winters, sheltered from the wind by the mountain ranges that surround the area, this is a “dream terroir" for any winemaker in the pursuit of wine excellence. Here, grapes ripen well and with a heady concentration of aromas and flavors, offering the winemaker raw material of excellent quality.